Shifting our framing question slightly we rephrased it to, “How should nation-wide issues of solid waste in developing countries be dealt with through the use of solid waste management systems?” We feel that this is a better way to look at how other countries and regions dealt with this problem but still have it contextually relevant to our focus question later on. This will also allow us to compare countries such as China to Chile as they have implemented many of the suggested methods of dealing with solid waste. The question too encompasses different types of recycling practices and allows for the arguments of more waste being produced in a more economically developed area. Because the area has become more and more industrialized more single use items may be produced and information on other nations will to be applicable regarding that aspect.
Looking at the situated context, which can also be found on our main project page, “How does the newly developed country of Chile deal with waste management?”, we gathered data on the country's development as well as other countries to compare waste management. Using charts of Municipal Solid Waste vs. HDI (human development index) we can see a linear trend in larger waste the more developed a country is. Chile ranks in the top third percentile of nations surveyed. This means that we may anticipate a rise in Chile’s waste going forwards rather than a drop as the Kuznets Curve may suggest. To better understand this however we may need to look at each countries individual waste and see if it has become smaller over the past years after becoming a certain level on the Kuznets curve. Perhaps each countries waste rate may need to be individually analyzed to see if there is a significant drop in comparison to HDI. Chile, who has experienced constant growth in HDI now is beginning to plateo slightly. Looking at different reasons such as a push in recycling and waste as possible solutions perhaps the municipal waste may also drop.
Using the information from the HDI organization as well as World Bank we have developed an ARCGIS map comparing waste and development. As you can see not only in the context of Chile but overall many countries have high waste. One way Chile has suggested fixing that is in waste to energy. This gives countries an option to develop solid waste into energy limiting their environmental impact. Trash in Santiago can be limited by nearly 90% according to Estevez (Estevez, 3). Perhaps advances such as these will see MSW decrease in the coming time with generation on the rise.
Further research would start with a survey being taken while abroad. o follow up with the data we gathered a field study would be the next step. Using the cities metro lines we would conduct polling. Metro lines will allow us locations to survey at that are accessible by all classes and provide heavy foot traffic. Additionally public transportation is divided to all sections of the city not just the wealthy or poor areas. Starting out we may plan to ask an opened ended question such as, “What do you see as the greatest problem in the world today?” This can be followed but by something more specific possibly about climate change or waste like, “On a scale of 1-10 how concerned are you about waste buildup?” Then we can start to ask them what they feel the best approach to this problem may be while giving them a selection of options. It will then be important to ask HDI indicator questions. Planning to ask these after the other questions may be smart because they may be slightly more personal questions. Using the information gathered it should then be apparent to if the statistics remain consistent. Additionally further research into reducing waste generation may need to be implemented.